Tracing Iraqi sovereign debt through defaults and restructuring. By Simon Hinrichsen, London School of Economic*

Abstract In 1979 Iraq was a net creditor to the world, due to its large oil reserves and lack of external debt. Fifteen years later, its government debt-to-GDP was over 1,000%. At the time of the U.S. invasion in 2003, Iraq was saddled with around $130 billion in external debt that needed to be restructured. How does a country incur so much debt, so fast, and how does it ge

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