The ABC Agreement from Iraq’s perspective* By Barik Schuber

Introduction Economic cooperation aimed at gradual integration between Iraq and other Arab countries is highly desirable from Iraq’s perspective. In 2021, the leaders of Iraq, Egypt, and Jordan held their fourth summit in Bagdad to further the new endeavor for economic cooperation and integration, the ABC Agreement. This section of the report evaluates the new initiative

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Amman-Baghdad-Cairo (ABC) Agreement: A new path for economic integration

On Wednesday, September 7th from 11:00 am - 12:00 pm ET, the Atlantic Council’s empowerME Initiative and Iraq Initiative will host a virtual event to release a report on the Amman-Baghdad-Cairo (ABC) Agreement, which assesses the outcomes of recent summits between Egypt, Iraq, and Jordan focusing on trilateral agreements aimed at deepening economic integration. The report prese

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Biden Has ‘Only Bad Options’ for Bringing Down Oil Prices. By Clifford Krauss

The president’s trip to Saudi Arabia is unlikely to reduce oil and gasoline prices, and it is not clear that anything else he might do would work, either. HOUSTON — When President Biden meets Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman in Saudi Arabia, he will be following in the footsteps of presidents like Jimmy Carter, who flew to Tehran in 1977 to exchange toasts with the shah of I

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Corruption: A Brutal Enemy of Economic Diversification. By Siham Matallah

Abstract This paper aims, on the one hand, to investigate the impact of corruption on economic diversification in 11 oil-abundant Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries and three successful diversifiers (Canada, Norway, and Malaysia) over the period 1996-2019. This is done using the Arellano-Bond difference Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) estimator that is effective

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