The Iraq Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative (IEITI)- Report 2013, published December 2015

Strategy Paper & Documents

Executive Summary

a. On 10 February 2010, Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) Board accepted Iraq as an EITI Candidate country. The first EITI report was published in December 2011. On 12 December 2012, Iraq was announced as an EITI compliant country.
b. As part of the continuous implementation of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) in Iraq, reconciliation would need to include the following: – revenues and payments reported by Iraqi governmental entities, international crude oil buying companies, and international oil field developing extractive companies operating in Central and Southern Iraq (excluding KRG) – oil production and oil export quantities reported by Iraqi governmental entities, national and international oil companies operating in Central and Southern Iraq (excluding KRG), in addition to third party verification companies – oil and gas quantities for local consumption reported by Iraqi governmental entities, national gas companies, national oil companies, electricity generation directorates and refineries – mining production quantities reported by Iraqi governmental entities and national mining companies – Net revenue from sale of oil products to the local market as reported by Ministry of Finance and Oil Products Distribution Company.
c. This report summarizes the results of these reconciliation processes, in addition to, information pertaining to the Oil and Gas Sector and the Extractive Industries in Iraq. It does not include reconciliation of data related to the extractive industries (including oil & gas) in Kurdistan Region. This data was requested from the Kurdistan Regional Government but it was not provided, however, IEITI Stakeholder Council has requested the inclusion of information about the extractive industry in KRG based on publicly available information. Chapter 6 of the report was dedicated for that purpose and all information included in that chapter was based on information obtained through searches made on public websites and resources with references included as footnotes. Accordingly, the information included in that chapter were not subject to the data collection and reconciliation processes adopted for purposes of this report. IEITI Stakeholder Council assumes no responsibility for the information contained in Chapter 6.
d. The report covers Iraq’s crude oil export sales as reported by Iraqi Oil Marketing Company (SOMO), which formed most of Iraq’s federal budget and foreign exchange earnings for 2013. It covers as well all payments made and revenues received with regard to crude oil exports during the financial year 2013, which amounted to USD 80 billion, and had resulted from crude oil sales to 42 international crude oil buyers. In addition, the report covers the reconciliation of the internal service payments made by the Government of Iraq as reported by the national oil companies and the Ministry of Oil.
e. Oil and gas production and the related cost recovery, signature bonuses, remuneration fees and corporate taxes were also covered in this report for year 2013. Total crude oil production during 2013 amounted to 1,087.5million barrels produced from all operating oil fields in Iraq except for the Kurdistan Region as we were not provided with the required information by KRG. Exported crude oil quantities amounted to 872.6 million barrel and crude oil quantities supplied to refineries and electricity generation directorates amounted to 219 million barrel and 33.8 million barrel respectively.
f. According to OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) 2015 Annual Statistical Bulletin and Ministry of Planning, Crude Oil Export Sales represents 37.7% of GDP (market prices) for year 2014, with a proven crude oil reserves of 143,069 million barrel, ranked third in the world.
g. Based on the U.S. Energy Information Administration – Country Analysis Brief of Iraq, The Iraqi government has set ambitious oil production targets. The government is currently renegotiating field production targets set in Technical Service Contracts (TSCs) previously signed with international oil companies (IOCs). Based on some of the target revisions that have already been announced, the Energy Intelligence Group estimates that Iraq is now aiming for crude oil output of 7.0 million barrel per day by 2020, yet this target had been amended several times and being negotiated as to the date of this report
h. The Ministry of Oil in Baghdad oversees oil and natural gas development and production in all but the Kurdish territory through its operating entities, the North Oil Company (NOC) and the Midland Oil Company (MDOC) in the north and central regions, and the South Oil Company (SOC) and the Missan Oil Company (MOC) in southern regions. In the Iraqi Kurdistan Region, the KRG, with its Ministry of Natural Resources, oversees oil and gas development and production. International oil companies (IOCs) are very active in Iraq, including the Iraqi Kurdistan Region. IOCs operate under technical service contracts (TSCs) in Iraq, which are signed with the Ministry of Oil in Baghdad, and under production-sharing agreements (PSAs) in the Iraqi Kurdistan Region signed with the KRG.
i. Reconciliation of net revenue from sale of oil products to the local market was performed between the amounts reported by the Ministry of Finance and the Oil Products Distribution Company.
j. Reconciliation differences disclosed in this report are mainly attributed to timing differences in recording transactions by the different entities. In addition, some of these differences are attributed to adopting a cash basis of accounting instead of accrual basis of accounting.
k. The Stakeholder Counsel of the Iraqi Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (IEITI) has reviewed and provided a commentary regarding the draft report of year 2013. On 10 December 2015, the Stakeholder Counsel held a meeting during which the draft report was presented, discussed and approved.
l. The table below shows a total difference of USD 1,849 million between the data as reported by SOMO and the buyers. This difference represents the total summation of several differences between buyers and SOMO. These differences were explained during the course of the reconciliation process. Please refer to section 3.6 for further details.
Amount Reported by SOMO Amount: USD 80,803,522,851
Reported by Buyers: USD 78,954,497,408
Differences explained Without reporting from counterparty: USD 1,849,025,443.67
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About Schuber شُبَّر Dr. Barik د. بارق

خبير اقتصادي دولي. مؤسس شبكة الاقتصاديين العراقيين والمنسق العام لها Senior Economist, founder & coordinator of the Iraqi Economists Network انقر على الصورة لمشاهدة كتاباته الآخرى