Agriculture sector in Rwanda with its five components sub-sectors, namely; food crops, cash crops, livestock, fisheries and forestry, is one of the leading sector in the economy. It is contributed by more than 33.2 percent to Rwandan gross domestic product (GDP) in 2014, and is a pivotal sector in employing the largest proportion of the national labour force and absorbing as well as sustaining the living of the majority of the Rwandan population. The main objective of this practical study is to analyze the role of the agriculture sector, with its various subsectors, in the Rwandan national economy, and by various activities. Notwithstanding, here we are not only examining the agriculture role in the economy using the conventional standard approach, rather in addition, a more structural and developmental approach has been devised and applied. This adopted structural approach has been based on an input-output (I/O) techniques, in which a deeper analysis being carried out to study and quantify direct and indirect as well as induced impact of agriculture sector and its main components, in the economy as a whole and by various activities and sectors of the national economy of Rwanda. Thus, this would assist in, empirically assessing the role of the agriculture, by its main sub-sectors, in the development of the Rwandan economy and on different aspects and dimensions.
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(*) Dr. Hashim Al-Ali is an Iraqi-Canadian Senior Macroeconomist has been working for the last 40 years as international Development Planning Advisor/Lead Expert in various countries in various Asian and African countries and most recently on the Somali National Development Plan (2017-2019) Formulation, UNDP/MOPIC, Mogadishu-Somalia