IRAQ: ECONOMIC SANCTIONS AND CONSEQUENCES, 1990-2000 By Abbas Alnasrawi

Iraq in the World Economy, The Iraqi National Economy

14847_Abbas-Alnasrawi 2

Abbas Alnasrawi is at the Department of Economics at the University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA.  E-mail: aalnasra@zoo.uvm.edu.

ABSTRACT  It is a well-known fact, of course, that Iraq has been under a UN Security Council system of comprehensive embargo for the past 10 years.  The consequences of ‘the embargo have been catastrophic for the people and the economy of Iraq.  Yet our understanding of the humanitarian emergency in Iraq will be enhanced if we examine the impact not only of the embargo but of other factors as well.  This paper identifies four such factors: (1) the decision by the Iraqi government to initiate the 1980-88 war against Iran; (2) the miltarisation of the Iraqi economy; (3) Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait and the ensuing 1991 Gulf war and (4) the sanctions regime which has been in place since August 1990. The paper argues that, while all the non-sanction factors played their different roles, it is, in the last analysis, the force of the intensity and the open-endedeness of the sanctions regime which bears the major share of the responsibility for the current conditions in Iraq.

 

Impact of the Iraq-Iran war……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2

Miltarisation of the economy…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 3

The invasion of Kuwait and the imposition of sanctions………………………………………………………….. 3

Impact of sanctions and war: an assessment……………………………………………………………………………… 5

The UNSC embargo: August 1990-April 1991……………………………………………………………………….. 5

The air war and the economy………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 5

The sanctions under Resolution 687………………………………………………………………………………………. 6

The first oil- for food UNSC resolutions………………………………………………………………………………… 8

Oil-for-food under Resolution 986…………………………………………………………………………………………. 8

Impact of the sanctions……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 10

Prospects for economic growth and the lamentable oil industry……………………………………………. 11

Concluding remarks…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 13

References…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 14

Download PDF file. Click on following link

Abbas Alnasrawi-Iraq-Economic Sanctions & Consequnces, 1990-2000-English


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *