This study was prepared by a multidisciplinary team led by Wael Mansour (Senior Economist) and Bledi Celiku (Senior Economist) under the guidance of Eric Le Borgne (Practice Manager). Contributing authors are as follows:
- Fragility and Diversified Growth: Stephan Massing (Senior Strategy and Operations Officer), Roland Lomme (Senior Governance Specialist), and Nicholas Fadi Nassar (Consultant)
- Past and Future Growth: Bledi Celiku (Senior Economist), Wael Mansour (Senior Economist), and David Stephan (Consultant)
- Trade: Michael Ferrantino (Lead Economist), Periklis Saragiotis (Senior Private Sector Specialist), Alen Mulabdic (Economist), and Vicky Chemutai (Extended Term Consultant)
- Agriculture: Timothy Robertson (Senior Agriculture Specialist), Eva Hasiner (Agricultural Economist), Hadi Fathallah (Consultant), and Jean-Claude Balcet (Consultant) The team benefited from various background papers written for this report, as follows:
- The Role of Multilevel Finance in Generating Sustainable Growth in an Oil-Rich Country (Ehtisham Ahmad, London School of Economics and Political Science)
- Perceptions of Institutions and Standard of Living in Iraq (Leora Klapper, Saniya Ansar, Bledi Celiku, and Wael Mansour, World Bank)
- Political Economy in Iraq (Renad Mansour, Chatham House)
- The Political Economy of the Budget Cycle in Iraq (Ali Al-Mawlawi)
- Trade Facilitation in Iraq (Periklis Saragiotis and Ines Mugica, World Bank)
- Iraq’s Oil Decade: Recommendations for Improved Governance and Growth (Sridar Kannan, World Bank, and Alex Gordy, Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative)
- Spatial and Group Disparities in Household Welfare (Matthew Wai-Poi, Lokendra Phadera, and Claudia Noumedem Temgoua, World Bank) The team is grateful for discussions with and guidance from two senior external advisers at various stages of the report: Shanta Devarajan (Georgetown University) and Joseph Sassoon (Georgetown University).
The team is grateful for discussions with and guidance from two senior external advisers at various stages of the report: Shanta Devarajan (Georgetown University) and Joseph Sassoon (Georgetown University).
The team is also grateful for guidance and support from Saroj Kumar Jha (Mashreq Country Director), Najy Benhassine (Equitable Growth, Finance, and Institutions Regional Director), Marcello Estevao (Macroeconomics, Trade, and Investment Global Practice Director), and Ramzi Neman (Iraq Head of Office). This report benefited from valuable comments and input provided by internal peer reviewers Lemya Ayub, Hans Beck, Kevin Carey, David Stephen Knight, Nadia Piffaretti, and Raju Singh, and by external peer reviewers Toby Dodge (LSE), Alexander Hamilton (DFID), Adeel Malik (Oxford), and Ahmed Tabaqchali (AUIS), as well as the following colleagues: Maria Reinholdt Andersen, Lars-Erik Cederman, Xavier Devictor, Sher Khan, Christos Kostopoulos, Jens Kristensen, Ashwaq Maseeh, Hideki Matsunaga, Katie McWilliams, Harun Onder, and Gael Raballand. Throughout the project cycle, excellent research assistance was provided by Didem Bayar (consultant) and Gabriel Ferneini (consultant), and outstanding support was provided by Muna Salim. Editorial review was conducted by Publications Professionals LLC, and design and typesetting were performed by Datapage and the Council for Visual Affairs.
This study was co-financed by generous financial contributions from the Iraq Reform, Recovery, and Reconstruction Fund (I3RF) established in partnership with the government of Iraq and supported by the UK aid from the UK government, the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) through KfW, and the government of Canada through Global Affairs Canada.
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