At the beginning
Sumer (a region of Mesopotamia) was the birthplace of writing, the wheel, agriculture, the arch, the plow, the saw, irrigation, beer, the spear, money, calendar and many other innovations, and is often referred to as the Cradle of Civilization. The Sumerians developed the earliest known writing system – a pictographic writing system known as cuneiform script, using wedge-shaped characters inscribed on baked clay tablets – and this has meant that we actually have more knowledge of ancient Sumerian and Babylonian mathematics than of early Egyptian mathematics
Mathematics is a field of science that deals with the logic of reason, numbers, quantity, arrangement, sequence, and space/shape. Mathematics is involved in almost everything we do today, whether we know about it or not, and is really the mother of most sciences.
Who discovered or invented mathematics?
Galileo, said that mathematics is the language of science and expected that its grammar explains experimental results and even predicts novel phenomena
The Sumerians developed the concepts o addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. They also had a lot of knowledge about fractions and equations, and in fact,
it is believed that many of the math concepts we have today were first thought of in Ancient Sumer
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(*) Senior Iraqi IT Consultant