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The ABC Agreement from Iraq’s perspective* By Barik Schuber


Economic cooperation aimed at gradual integration between Iraq and other Arab countries is highly desirable from Iraq’s perspective. In 2021, the leaders of Iraq, Egypt, and Jordan held their fourth summit in Bagdad to further the new endeavor for economic cooperation and integration, the ABC Agreement.

This section of the report evaluates the new initiative from the perspective of Iraq, examining: 1) the socioeconomic and political conditions in the three countries for initiating a successful and sustainable economic-integration process, 2) the distinctive features of the new initiative between the three countries compared to experiments that have failed during the past six decades, and 3) whether this effort will create a win-win situation for the three countries or win-lose situations for any of the parties.

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The ABC Agreement from Iraq’s perspective

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